Popularly known as intercropping, companion planting is the concept of planting vegetables with other vegetables that are mutually beneficial and compatible with each other. In a clearer and easier manner, companion planting is growing a vegetable or crop side by side to another crop which the first crop likes and vice versa. As we like growing up with our friends, crops or veggies also benefit themselves when they are given to grow by the side of their companions. Sweet, right? And companion planting has a whole lot of benefits for the plants’ health too. And gardeners take the help of the companion planting chart to learn which veggie or flower or fruit will grow better together. It is a chart that helps to identify the friends and enemies of a particular vegetable.
Benefits Of Following The Companion Planting Chart While Planting:
Companion planting is not a luxury but it is a necessity if you want to grow better crops. It is good for wildlife, pollinators, and soil health too. There are a handful of benefits of following the companion planting chart. And they are as stated below:
Boosts Plant Health:
When you grow companion plants side by side, it is beneficial for their mutual health. It eliminates competition and ensures better nutrition absorption for both plants. When you plant a crop with a deep root system with another crop that has a shallow root system, the latter one will benefit from the former one as the former one will draw nutrients from the depth of the soil which eventually will be readily available in the upper level of soils for the latter one to use.
Enhances Flavour Of The Veggies:
Companion planting can also improve the flavor of the vegetables.
When you plant a tougher plant alongside a weaker plant, it will tolerate all the wrath of the weather and will protect the delicate plant.
Attracts Beneficial Insects
Yields Production And Keeps Weeds Away By Maximising Nutrient Absorption
Prevents Soil Erosion:
When you don’t leave much space unused, the soil gets less affected by the weather elements like wind and water and it keeps the soil particles together and moist and prevents soil erosion.
Now that you have known about the basics of companion planting, let us now move on to a precise companion planting chart from which you will get an idea about which plant to grow along with which plant.
Companion Planting Chart: A Basic Guide To Companion Planting:
Plant Name: Basil
Friend Plants: Asparagus, borage herb, chives, oregano, chamomile, potatoes, tomatoes, beets, beans, bell peppers, eggplants, marigolds, carrots, radishes, and turnips.
Enemy Plants: Rue, sage, rosemary, fennel.
Vegetable Name: Broccoli
Friend Plants: Celery, dill, hyssop, Swiss chard, beets, bush beans, onions, radishes, spinach, thyme, cucumber, garlic, chamomile, mint, marigolds, potatoes, lettuce.
Enemy Plants: Sweet corn, pumpkins, watermelon, asparagus, mustard, strawberries, tomatoes, eggplant, squash.
Vegetable Name: Cucumber
Friend Plants: Marigold, bean, celery, pea, radish, lettuce, beets, corn, dill, nasturtiums, sunflower, cattnip, chives, tansy.
Enemy Plants: Basil, sage, peppermint, melons, potatoes, cauliflowers.
Vegetable Name: Corn
Friend Plants: sunflowers, zucchini, peas, Pumpkins, climbing beans, squash, cucumber, radish, potato, melons
Enemy Plants: Tomatoes
#5. Companion Planting Chart:
Fruit Name: Strawberry
Friend Plants: Thyme, spinach, borage, garlic, lettuce, onions, beans, chives, sage, squash, caraway.
Enemy Plants: Peppers, potatoes, eggplants, tomatoes, fennel, kohlrabi.
Vegetable Name: Pumpkin
Friend Plants: Beans, corn, squash, sunflowers, marigolds, Korean licorice mint, lavender, marjoram.
Enemy Plants: Large root crops like potatoes, onions, and beets,
Vegetable Name: Potato
Friend Plant: Corn, pea, eggplant, bean, cabbage, basil, celery, lettuce, spinach, marigolds, garlic, horseradish.
Enemy Plants: Asparagus, tomatoes, raspberries, carrots, sprouts, Brussels, broccoli, melons, peppers, strawberries, cucumbers.
Vegetable Name: Tomatoes
Friend Plants: Carrots, celery, parsley, peppers, onions, asparagus, marigold, garlic, basil, bee balm, chives, lemon balm for flavor.
Enemy Plants: Corn, fennel, cabbage, potato, kohlrabi, broccoli, pepper, dill.
#9. Companion Planting Chart:
Vegetable Name: Onion
Friend Plants: Cabbage, carrot, lettuce, peppers, tomatoes, chard, strawberry, bean sprout, broccoli, chamomile for flavor.
Enemy Plants: Peas, beans, asparagus.
Fruit Name: Melon
Friend Plants: Corn, marigolds, pumpkin, radish, sunflowers, squash.
Enemy Plant: Potato.
Vegetable Name: Pea
Friend Plants: Radish, beans, carrots, celery, cucumber, parsley, strawberries, turnips, corns, potatoes, pepper.
Enemy Plant: Onions.
Herb Name: Rosemary
Friend Plants: Beans, carrots, brassicas, thyme, sage, lavender, chives, marigolds, oregano, onions.
Enemy Plants: Cucumbers, pumpkins, potatoes, tomatoes.
Vegetable Name: Asparagus
Friend Plants: Asters, cilantro, dill, marigolds, oregano, parsley, basil, thyme, sage, peppers, tomatoes.
Enemy Plants: Onion, garlic, potato.
Vegetable Name: Beet
Friend Plants: Lettuce, onions, sage, kohlrabi, cabbage, Brussels, chard, sprouts, corn.
Enemy Plants: Field mustard, pole beans,
#15. Companion Planting Chart:
Vegetable Name: Cauliflower
Friend Plants: Beans, Oregano, hyssop, celery
Enemy Plants: Peas, tomatoes, potatoes, nasturtium,
Fruit Name: Grapes
Friend Plants: Chives, geraniums, mustards, oregano, peas, clover, rosemary, blackberries.
Enemy Plants: any herb or flower.
Fruit Name: Pineapples
Friend Plants: Clover, chives, garlic, southernwood, daffodils
Enemy Plants: Eucalyptus, walnut tree.